אפיק ושות' מברכת את כולם בברכת חג חנוכה שמח

Afik & Co. Wishes all a Happy Hanukkah

1.     מאמר: קיפוח המיעוט וסעד רכישת מניות

מאמר בנושא הגדרת המושג קיפוח המיעוט בחברה והסעדים הקיימים במקרה שהוכח קיפוח מיעוט מאת עו"ד שירה פורת זקן, ממשרד אפיק ושות'

An Article by Shira Porat Zaken, Adv. on the issue of oppression against the minority in an Israeli company and remedy of purchase of shares in such a case.

24 Dec 4:52 pm

Arbitration Newsletter | December 2015

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Changing faces of Polish arbitration law 

On 1 January 2016 significant changes to Polish law affecting arbitration will come into force (the “Changes”).

The amendments pertain to the Bankruptcy Law and the Code of Civil Procedure. They impact the existence of the arbitration agreement in cases of a bankruptcy of one of the parties and relate to post-arbitral proceedings, by flattening (shortening) the challenge to award proceedings and the recognition and enforcement by eliminating one court instance.



Janusz Fiszer

Acquisitions (from the buyer’s perspective)

1. Tax treatment of different acquisitions

What are the differences in tax treatment between an acquisition of stock in a company and the acquisition of business assets and liabilities?

There are significant differences in tax treatment between an acquisition of stock in a company and the acquisition of business assets and liabilities. The acquisition of stock triggers a 1 per cent tax (called tax on civil law actions (CLAT)), payable by the acquirer. The purchase price of stock cannot be depreciated after the acquisition, but becomes deductible in the event of the disposition of stock.


Beata Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz*

Representations and warranties originated in the common law system, but are now used widely in merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions generally. While their underlying purpose, wherever they are used, is to protect the fair exchange of goods between the parties, they may be perceived and regulated differently, depending on local practices and applicable law.

This article looks at the effect such differences may have on the understanding of representations and warranties, their nature and scope, the remedies available in the event of their breach, and the awarding and calculation of damages to compensate for loss suffered as a result of their breach.


Beata Gessel-Kalinowska vel Kalisz*

Evolution of Interim Measures as an Example of the Judicialisation of 21st Century International Commercial Arbitration.

1. Introduction

As Prof. Jerzy Rajski mentioned in his summary of the Diagnosis of Arbitration conference held in Warsaw in 2014, ‘[a]rbitration has developed. In recent years, we have been witnessing a dynamic development of arbitration, and this has to have an impact on regulations.


New article published | GESSEL Attorneys-at-Law - A Defect of the Enterprise as a Defect of a Share - by Beata Gessel


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  • The Euro-American Lawyers Group (EALG) is an association of law firms founded in 1985. The members of EALG believe that they can best serve their clients' interests overseas by co-operating with like-minded firms who have local knowledge of and immediate access to the legal system operating in their own jurisdictions. EALG's philosophy is that local representation is vital in today's…

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